Optimization of Statistical Decision for Personnel Management Problems in Tourism

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Konstantin N. Nechval
Nicholas A. Nechval
Gundars Berzins
Maris Purgailis


A large number of problems in production planning and scheduling, location, transportation, finance, and engineering design require that decisions be made in the presence of uncertainty. In the present paper, for improvement or optimization of statistical decisions under parametric uncertainty, a new technique of invariant embedding of sample statistics in a performance index is proposed. This technique represents a simple and computationally attractive statistical method based on the constructive use of the invariance principle in mathematical statistics. Unlike the Bayesian approach, an invariant embedding technique is independent of the choice of priors. It allows one to eliminate unknown parameters from the problem and to find the best invariant decision rule, which has smaller risk than any of the well-known decision rules. In order to illustrate the application of the proposed technique for constructing optimal statistical decisions under parametric uncertainty, we discuss the following personnel management problem in tourism. A certain company provides interpreter-guides for tourists. Some of the interpreter-guides are permanent ones working on a monthly basis at a daily guaranteed salary. The problem is to determine how many permanent interpreter-guides should the company employ so that their overall costs will be minimal? We restrict attention to families of underlying distributions invariant under location and/or scale changes. A numerical example is given.


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Nechval, K. N., Nechval, N. A., Berzins, G., & Purgailis, M. (2013). Optimization of Statistical Decision for Personnel Management Problems in Tourism. Advances in Systems Science and Applications, 13(1), 68-79. Retrieved from https://ijassa.ipu.ru/index.php/ijassa/article/view/428