Systems Dened on Dynamic Sets and Analysis of Their Characteristics

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Xiaojun Duan
Yi Lin


(Lin, 1999) describes the static structures of general systems and investigates systems dynamics using the concept of time systems without clearing pointing out where systems attributes would come into play. To resolve this problem, in this paper, we introduce the concept of dynamic sets so that the evolutions and changing structures of systems can be adequately described by using object sets, relation sets, attribute sets, and environments of systems. On the basis of this background, we revisit some of the fundamental properties of systems, including systems emergence, stability, etc.


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Duan, X., & Lin, Y. (2013). Systems Dened on Dynamic Sets and Analysis of Their Characteristics. Advances in Systems Science and Applications, 13(1), 21-36. Retrieved from