Main Article Content
The paper presents an approach aimed at the study of various aspects of traffic passage through a multi-lane road that is based on computational experiments. Microscopic simulation based on models of the type “leader-following models” is considered to be the most adequate and the most accurate means for performing them. The leader-following model of the entire traffic flows in a city road network acquires the more holistic form via the formalism of hybrid dynamic systems or, in other words, event-switched systems. The general formalization of this approach is presented and the corresponding representation of multi-lane traffic according to this approach is presented. The latter includes the detailed formal description of the traffic flow carrier with a certain traffic organization as well as the description of conditions for drivers’ choice of acceleration/braking and lane change according to incentive motives for it and positions and speeds of neighboring vehicles and the vehicle itself. Organization of computational experiments allowing to establish the dependence of the average speed of traffic on the density of incoming flows, the distribution of various types of vehicles and their drivers, road organization and other factors in a multi-lane road is considered. It is demonstrated in what way they allow to evaluate quantitatively the dependence of the road throughput on the above factors. Results of calculations are presented and analyzed.