Risk analysis in seawater desalination sector: a case study of Beni Saf Water Company “BWC”

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Mohammed Bouamri
Hassiba Bouabdesselam


In this present paper, a risk analysis approach is applied to an Algerian reverse osmosis seawater desalination plant using the MADS MOSAR method.  MADS MOSAR method is a stepwise risk analysis approach containing many phases. Our work begins with analyzing a review of past accidents triggered by the Ben in Saf Water Company (BWC) seawater desalination plant locating in the Algerian coast in Ain Temouchent region and analyzing their similar seawater desalination plants (or plants that using similar and potential equipment). Then, the MADS MOSAR method will apply essentially for the macroscopic vision (Module A). The macroscopic vision corresponds to a main risk analysis.

In the current case study, we were able to identify eight subsystems where sources and scenarios of hazards are identified, accident scenarios are assessed, recognized and ranked by "Severity×Probability" grid. We found twenty-six scenarios whose we were able to assess them in function of their probability and severity using "probability x severity" grid criteria. At the end of the analysis, we were able to define and suggest the most appropriate prevention and protection barriers for the potential elements in the studied seawater desalination plant, including pipelines, transformers, compressors, high pressure pumps, pressure vessels and energy recovery devices.


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